GHS pictograms


GHS hazard pictograms for download


The GHS system is using the 9 GHS pictograms, in Europe also known as CLP pictograms, with their GHS number, signal words and meaning, shown in the table below. These pictograms are also found on the site of the UNECE. However the hazard pictograms are available from the UNECE site in transparent form only in the eps format. These are transparent not only outside of the red border but also inside of it! Our pictograms in the PGN format are only transparent outside of it. Therefore the white parts of the pictogram inside the red border remain white on a coloured background. Transparency outside the red border is required for arranging the pictograms border by border, as shown near the end of this page.

You may also download the labels for transportation labelling with the same formats and with the same resolutions.

To download the pictograms in the PGN format with good resolution (3000 pixels large/high) right-click on the wanted pictogram and choose "Safe Target As ..." (or "Save Link As...").
By right-clicking on the text belonging to each pictogram and choosing "Safe Target As ..." (or "Save Link As...") you may obtain it also in the 45° form (as a square, in the TIF-format, 2100x2100 pixels). These are suitable for printing labels.

GHS01
Danger
Unstable, Explosive
 
GHS02
Danger or Warning
Flammable
 
GHS03
Danger or Warning
Oxidising
 
GHS04
Warning
Compressed gas
 
GHS05
Danger or Warning
Corrosive cat. 1
 
GHS06
Danger
Toxic cat. 1 - 3
 
GHS07     Warning
Toxic cat. 4
Irritant cat. 2 or 3
Lower systemic health hazards
 
GHS08
Danger or Warning
Systemic health hazards

 
GHS09
Warning (for cat. 1)
(for cat. 2 no signal word)
Environment
 

Naming of the pictograms:

GHS01: Exploding bomb
GHS02: Flame
GHS03: Flame over circle
GHS04: Gas cylinder
GHS05: Corrosion
GHS06: Skull and crossbones
GHS07: Exclamation mark
GHS08: Health hazard
GHS09: Environment

The pictogram GHS08 for "Systemic health hazards" indicates several serious hazards for internal organs, e.g.:
     Respiratory sensitisation
     Aspiration hazard
     Carcinogenicity, germ cell mutagenicity or reproductive toxicity (CMR)
     Specific target organ toxicity
These hazards are distinguished by the H phrases used.

Signal words indicating the degree of danger

The relative degree of danger shown by a pictogram is indicated by signal words:
     Danger is used for the higher level.
     Warning is used for the lower level.
The signal words are available in 22 languages.

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Hazard statements (H phrases) and precautionary statements (P phrases)

In addition to the pictograms and signal words, the ghs system uses H phrases and P phrases.
The H phrases are used for describing a hazardous property more precisely, e.g.:
     Acute toxicity, hazard categories 1 and 2: H300 Fatal if swallowed.
     Acute toxicity, hazard category 3: H301 Toxic if swallowed.
     Acute toxicity, hazard category 4: H302 Harmful if swallowed.

The P phrases are used to indicate important safety measures for handling the product, e.g.:
     P102 Keep out of reach of children.
     P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
     P361 Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.

Download the H phrases and P phrases:

[H+P phrases 8th ATP/PDF] ; [H+P phrases 12th ATP/PDF] ; [H+P phrases 8th ATP/DOCX] ; [H+P phrases 12th ATP/DOCX]
The H phrases and the P phrases according to th 8th ATP are the official phrases since February 2018. Those according to the 12th ATP will apply from 17 October 2020, they can already be applied in advance. Chemical products which are not correctly labelled according to the 8th ATP, but were packaged and labelled according to the 4th ATP before the 1st February 2018 may be placed on the market until the 1st February 2020.
If you need these phrases in German, French, Italian, or Spanish, see page H- und P-Sätze.
You may find it in other languages in the annexes III and IV of the most recent consolidated CLP regulation (see page [Downloads]).
A very good source for the H and P phrases in 35 languages is the site http://schoolscout24.de/cgi-bin/keminaco/hppinput.cgi.

Relations between hazard classes/categories and the various pictograms, signal words, H prases and P phrases

The following tables Hazard class+category-H phrases-8th ATP and Hazard class+category-H phrases-16th ATP show which pictograms, signal words, hazard classes/categories, hazard class numbers, hazard codes and H phrases belong together according to 8th and the 16th ATP, respectively.
The tables Hazard codes, H phrases, P phrases-8th ATP and Hazard codes, H phrases, P phrases-16th ATP show which pictograms, signal words, hazard codes, H phrases and P phrases belong together according to the 8th ATP and the 12th ATP, respectively.

Small pictograms for text illustrations or powerpoint presentations or for designing labels etc.

These hazard pictograms in the tif format with a diagonal of 2 cm and a resolution of 300 dpi are transparent outside the red border. They may be arranged border by border as shown below. To download them right-click on it and choose "Safe Target As ...".




Hint: For positioning a pictogram in Powerpoint precisely, mark it, press the control key and move the pictogram with the direction keys pixel by pixel to the wanted position. By this you may get any combination of compactly arranged pictograms. With a high resolution screen and the snipping tool of Windows 7 or 10 you may create an image of it.

The minimum size of the pictograms according to the European CLP regulation

The size of the ghs pictograms is determined by the surface limited by the red border (the border inclusive).
The minimum size of the pictograms is no more determined by the section 1.2.1 of annex I of the original CLP regulation, but by it's adaptation to the technical progress with the regulation (EU) No 286/2011 [PDF, 2.4 MB].
For the various package sizes the following minimum sizes of the individual pictograms (edge x edge of the red square) are prescribed:
     for package sizes up to 3 litres: at least 10x10 mm, if possible 16x16 mm,
     for package sizes >3 to 50 litres: at least 23x23 mm,
     for package sizes >50 to 500 litres: at least 32x32 mm,
     for package sizes >500 litres: at least 46x46 mm.

In Switzerland the minimum size is different for package sizes up to 3 Litres:
     for package sizes up to 0.125 litres: at least 10x10 mm,
     for package sizes >0.125 litres to 3 litres: at least 16x16 mm.

The minimum size of the labels according to the European CLP regulation

The minimum size of the labels is also determined according to the section 1.2.1 of annex I of the regulation (EU) Nr. 286/2011 mentioned above, in function of the package size:
     for package sizes up to 3 litres: at least 52x74 mm,
     for package sizes >3 to 50 litres: at least 74x105 mm,
     for package sizes >50 to 500 litres: at least 105x148 mm,
     for package sizes >500 litres: at least 148x210 mm.

The label surface indicated above has to be used for the information required by Article 17 of the CLP regulation in one language, namely:
     Name, address, telephone number of the supplier,
     Product identifiers,
     In the case of products for the general public also the nominal fill quantity (unless applied elsewhere on the package),
     Hazard pictograms and signal words as required,
     H phrases and P phrases as required,
     Where applicable, supplemental information in accordance with Article 25 of the CLP regulation [20 MB].

The minimum text size

The minimum text size on the label is recommended to be about 1.8 mm (like that of Arial 7).

The arrangement on the label

The label may be larger than indicated above, e.g. for placing the information also in a second language and/or for including further safety information etc., without the need to increase the size of the pictograms.
The elements hazard pictograms, signal word, H phrases and P phrases shall always be placed together on the label.
In the case of multilingual labels the prescribed linguistic labelling elements have to be placed together by language.

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